A tax is basically a mandatory financial burden or any other sort of levied tax by a governmental agency to finance various public expenses and government spending. Evasion of or refusal to pay tax, and punishment for tax evasion or fraud, is also punishable by law. Generally, taxes are a source of revenue to a nation, but they also have many negative effects on the country.
Currently, taxation is based on a proportional tax system, whereby high incomes pay a smaller percentage of the total tax burden than lower income individuals. This means that poor people do not have nearly as great an advantage over rich individuals when it comes to paying taxes. Currently, countries around the world are looking to change this tax system, with many advocating a “flat tax” or a system of progressive taxes in which high incomes pay less than low income individuals.
Many citizens in developing countries do not have consistent access to basic necessities due to lack of financial resources. India has one of the highest poverty rates in the world and as such is one of the most vulnerable to such taxation. Many citizens in this country rely heavily on state-funded programs such as medical care, education and social welfare, all of which are often levied by the central government. The high level of taxation has caused a severe shortage of public goods, leaving many rural areas with very limited access to basic services.
One kind of regressive tax in India is the tax credit, which imposes a partial tax on individuals or businesses that purchase an imported item, but do not use that item for consumption within the country. An example of a tax credit in India would be the textile or apparel export exemption, which is available to certain categories of importers. This tax benefit is rarely, if ever, available to the domestic industry. In addition, many Indian citizens enjoy other kinds of tax benefits, which they typically do not get in other developed nations.
In India, there are two kinds of income: personal and annual income. A large number of taxpayers in India do not realize that the annual income tax they pay is a complex proportional mixture of their personal allowance, corporate tax, state tax and numerous other separate charges. For example, many Indians enjoy a credit on their annual income that often phases out when they reach a certain salary. This credit is only available to the first $100 of that salary.
Taxpayers also need to be aware that they may be taxed even if they have never been abroad before, because certain countries levy an additional tax on dividends received from non-domestic sources. Other countries and corporations may also impose taxes when a taxpayer works overseas and takes a deduction for working outside the United States. Understanding the intricate details of a country’s tax laws is critical to ensuring that a person doesn’t become a victim of unnecessary taxation.