The word “tax” brings to mind the image of taxes stacking up on someone’s forehead. An income tax is a mandatory financial burden or any other sort of local levy imposed upon a taxpayer by an elected government agency in order to fund various public needs and expenditures. Evasion of or unwillingness to pay tax, and punishment for refusal to pay, is legally enforceable by the government. In the United States, taxes are collected by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Among other things, these taxes are used to:
Direct taxes refer to the taxes paid directly by individuals or businesses to the federal government. Federal direct taxes include: Social Security Taxes, Medicare, Medicaid, and Antitaxes. Many states also impose indirect taxes on individuals and businesses. Indirect taxes include: Excise taxes, Estate taxes, and Sales taxes. Some states also impose direct taxes on corporations.
When it comes to indirect taxes, these taxes are indirectly passed on to individuals and businesses. Examples of indirect taxes are: The Federal Gas Tax, the Franchise Tax, the Personal Income Tax, and the State Property Tax. Many companies have special sections with the IRS that collects these taxes for you. Excise duties are when the Internal Revenue Service has to collect a tax from someone else and then have to pay it to you. These duties usually include: taxes on imported goods, tariffs on imported goods, and taxes on sales of tangible personal property.
Tariffs are taxes on imported goods. Tariffs normally specify the quantity of goods that are to be taxed, the rate of taxation, and which goods are excluded from the taxation. Tariffs are usually imposed during war, to raise armaments, and to keep shipping rates from being too high.
A Quotas are a type of quota. Quotas specify a minimum amount of imports that must be purchased from another nation. These can be reciprocal, meaning that if you purchase goods from another nation, they have to purchase some from you in return. Quotas can also be a reverse quota, meaning that what you purchase from another nation has to be less than what you buy from yourself. In order to determine which type of quota is in effect, you’ll need to look at the text of the treaty that establishes the quota.
These are just four of the many different types of taxes that are levied by various levels of government in India. India is a country that’s very complicated and there are many issues that come up with the implementation of different types of taxes. The best way to learn about taxation in India is to visit the country. If you’re able to, get in touch with someone who’s been there and/or done business there. There are lots of great publications out there on the subjects of taxation and you’ll be sure to get all the information you need to start and run a successful business.