In economic terms investment is the purchasing of a fixed assets with the aim of increasing its value in the market. In other words, to make an investment is to acquire an asset or a commodity with the intention of making an income out of the rental or the sale of the asset that is an increase in the market value of that asset over a period of time or a fixed amount of time. The profit on such an investment is called the capital gain. The increase in market value of an asset also refers to increase in its price. The process of making an investment is generally termite growth and the investment should be made when the price of the asset is increasing.
You have two options while investing; namely investing in stocks and bonds and saving in mutual funds. The most popular option among the two is mutual fund investing; it is regarded as the safest way of investing. Mutual funds are usually managed by professionals who follow a set of rules for investing. You can also go in for the direct approach of investing in your own stocks and bonds; however this approach comes with a lot of risk. An investor can get much return on his savings if he takes up an interest-bearing and fixed rate deposit of a bank.
There are two types of investment in securities; common stock and preferred stock. Common stock is that part of an investment that does not represent actual tangible property. A common stock has no guarantee either. This is why common stocks are mostly traded on the stock exchange (exchange) for a price above the prevailing market price. You must remember to pay regular dividends in case you make any profit from your investment.
Preferred stock, on the other hand, is that part of an investment that represents tangible property. This kind of investment gives you some or all return when the market price of the security goes above the cost of purchase. One advantage of preferred stock investments is that you don’t have to concern yourself with taxes. In case of mutual fund investments, you need to pay income tax on the gains you make. Also, the distribution of profits among the shareholders is done according to a set rule.
When you invest money in securities, you need to consider a lot of factors before deciding what you would like to buy. One important factor that you should consider is your risk tolerance. You can increase your chances of losing your money if you have lower risk tolerance. If you want to improve your investments performance and save a large amount of your money, then choose low risk investments such as bonds and money market funds.
You should always diversify your investment portfolio so that you can protect yourself against financial losses. If you are looking for the best investments, you should avoid putting all your savings in one stock and invest in different kinds of bonds, shares and funds. The easiest way to diversify your portfolio is to invest in different types of bonds. There are many types of bonds available today such as government bonds, corporate bonds, debt securities, mortgage-backed securities and specialty bonds. By investing in a wide variety of bonds, you can improve your returns and reduce your risk.